Balancing technological advancements, leadership and societal stress towards a Sustainable Society
The key challenges for process electrification are the non-technical ones. So I might be the wrong speaker for this symposium at University of Technology Or are you the wrong audience? Or do I aim to convince you of switching to another university? None of the above. I would like to bring up and illustrate the balancing act between beautiful technical solutions, leaderships limitations and societal stress towards sustainability in industry and society. The quest for the holy grail towards sustainability, either driven by electrons or molecules, might be as exciting, as long as your mindset is open to it, as the Harry Potter journeys you likely have read page by page 10-15 years ago. The unexpected magical innovation, just in time, by the unforeseen team effort.
ENGIE, together with its partners and customers, is on a difficult path, with the ambition to take a leading role in Energy Transition. It means a transition of the company itself, its business model and of its people. I will illustrate what interesting opportunities this transition offers and what projects are in works at ENGIE. And especially how important cooperation is between public and private entities. As Delft Alumnus I would like to underline that technical expertise you are gathering is going to be an asset for each of you. Energy, Technology and Optimism are key drivers for the near future.
Dutch carbon tax opens wider perspectives?
The EU emissions trading system (EU ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s policy to combat climate change and its key tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively. The EU ETS works on the ‘cap and trade’ principle. EU ETS covers around 40% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions.
On top of EU ETS, on January 1st of 2020 the Dutch Government introduced the Dutch Carbon Tax (DCT; CO2-heffing) by law for industrial ETS companies. The Dutch industrial ETS enterprises are responsible for approx. 25% of the total Dutch greenhouse gas emissions. The DCT aims to reduce the CO2 emissions within 10 years with approx. 32%. This decade, a more than challenging acceleration of CO2-emission reduction is required with a factor 4 or more.In Egberts’ contribution the mechanism of the Dutch Carbon Tax will be explained. How does it work? And what is the relation to EU ETS? Are the Netherlands a catalyzing country for EU and worldwide, and accelerating greenification of industry? And what’s next, after the 2030 goal?
Advancements in the sustainable productions of chemicals and fuels
The transition to a CO2 neutral society implies the large-scale use of renewable energy resources such as solar and wind. At the same time, to facilitate the transition to a fully circular economy, new technologies need to be developed for the production of synthetic fuels, i.e. fossil-free feedstock for the chemical & materials industry. The intermittent and seasonal nature of these resources, however, requires the development of energy storage and conversion technologies at the TWh scale.
To achieve a CO2 neutral society, the resources of the future will be based on widely available, non-toxic feedstock: water; air (N2 and CO2), and biomass. These resources will be converted into base chemical by renewable electricity (from electrons to chemical bonds). To make this happen electro-conversion technology needs to be developed on industrial scale.
The e-Refinery institute brings researchers and industrial partners together in order to develop the electrochemical technology conversion technology required for the sustainable production of chemicals and fuels. In this presentation, I will show several recent developments of the research in our institute. This research covers the whole range from molecular understanding to industrial application.
The Netherlands is well placed to take the lead and develop the new processes based on electrochemical conversion. To be successful a focus on scale-up issues and a close collaboration with the manufacturing industry will be key.
The Technological and Social Challenges of Electrification
The wholesale electrification of the global economy accompanied by a rapid transition to renewable electricity generation provides a pathway to decarbonization that readily captures the public imagination, and has recently garnered much attention in public policy circles. This talk will cover some of the many challenges we face in pursuing an “electrification of everything” strategy – both technological and social, notably in the developing economies of Africa and Asia.
Representative of Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
On behalf of the Ministry a representative will come to share their experience in the challenges of process electrification. The abstract of their talk will come soon.